debunking leather myths and eating my way through italy

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All too often, these familiar claims are thrown around when condemning the use of leather:

"Is leather is a byproduct of the meat industry?"
“Are cows are killed for leather?”
"Is all leather-tanning toxic for the environment?"
"Is vegetable-tanned leather more eco-friendly than faux leather?"

Being a materials-driven designer, I grapple with the balance of creating with beautiful yet durable materials in a sustainable factor.   I don’t think it’s a completely black and white answer when it comes to whether a material is eco-friendly.  There's no one perfect material - it all has its drawbacks. As a pioneer of sustainable design for nearly 20 years,  I have come to recognize the conflict of using vegan materials in my own designs.  

Through my Venture Fellowship at BF+DA, (best known as a hub for ethical design) I was provided the rare opportunity to participate in first-person full-sensory experience to the cultural context of vegetable-tanned leather in its birthplace in a tiny village in Tuscany called San Miniato. 

As an artisan, this invitation is obviously a bucket-list opportunity.  And I won't lie: It is also a welcome catalyst to experiment - to stretch myself in ways I don’t usually have opportunity or resources to try. 

I want to investigate further with an open mind, in a creative and explorative manner and to share with you all my findings.


tree bark tannins for vegetable tanned leather


Via the consorzio's website:

  • Vegetable-tanned leather productive cycle is strictly monitored to ensure a low impact on the environment:
  • No animal is killed for its skin. On the contrary, the raw hides used by the Tuscan tanneries are the discarded by-products of the food industry producing meat for human consumption.
  • Being tanned with natural tannins, a vegetable-tanned leather object can be easily disposed of at the end of its life, thanks to its chemical-biological characteristics.
  • Our tanneries have made huge investments in depuration systems and waste recycling that make them work in full respect of man and the environment.
  • Many of the substances used during the tanning process are recovered, recycled and reused in different fields. Hair removed from raw hides is transformed into agricultural fertilizer; sludge produced by the depuration plants is reused in the construction field to make bricks.
  • Vegetable-tanned leather, recognizable from its trademark, does not contain any toxic substance such as azo-dyes, nickel, PCP or chrome VI

This week-long program, and subsequent exhibition and competition, called Craft the Leather, is sponsored by Pelle Vegetale Consortzio. During this exploration of this ancient art, I explored ancient techniques of this luxurious material often called 'vacchetta', which is imbued with historical and social value.  This lush agricultural region’s reputation to being connected to the land in a mindful way, will be my backdrop while I immerse myself in this experience.  Hopefully finding out the truth behind those claims (and others) that are thrown around.

Along with a hand-selected group of 20 academics and students from around the globe, I visited vegetable leather tanneries to learn where the leather comes from, toured one of the most advanced water treatment systems in the world, met other small-batch leather artisans, and learned centuries-old techniques from master craftspersons from the region.


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  • Hi, where are the next posts on this? Id love to see your findings?? Thanks so much!

    Caroline Mackay on
  • Can’t wait!

    Lisa Kesselman on

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About Crystalyn Kae

Crystalyn Kae Brennan Crystalyn is a handbag designer in Seattle, WA. Her sustainable luxury handbags are made in USA with ethically-sourced leather and unique vintage fabrics. Read more »

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